Onondaga sunflower – Oton’onhta Nikanenho:ten
- 50 seeds
- Open pollinated
- Distance between plants – 18″
- Distance between rows – 24-30″
- Full sun
- Water every 2-3 days
- Days to maturity – 60-80 days
- Days to germination – 7-10 days
- Height – 50-70″
- Helianthus annuus – Asteraceae
Sow: Direct sow after last frost in loose soil 1’’ deep
Harvest: When in bloom, Seeds : when head bends over and flower petals are gone.
This is an Onondaga Iroquois sunflower from the Tuscarora community in the United States of Turtle Island. It was originally grown by Neill Patterson who is a seed saver and wild food forager and generously shared his seeds with me.
In Native American tribes across North America as early as 2000 BC. the seeds of sunflowers were used for their oil, ground up for meal, or simply eaten as a snack. The plant also provided dye and medicinal ointment. In 18th century Europe, sunflowers were widely used both in gardens and for making cooking oil